Any research topic has many perspectives. However, the researcher can’t concentrate simultaneously on all points of view. He has to put forward a logical structure that the research will continue to focus on in broad areas that will be covered. This is called the research framework. In essence, the research framework helps the researcher retain a clear focus on the job. It can be theoretical or conceptual.
When there is a subject to investigate, there are certain theories associated with it. These theories are generalized with observations of the researcher himself or well-established theories proposed in the subject by the first researchers. A research framework is based on the theory known as the conceptual model and consists of a set of coherent ideas and interrelated models. It establishes the strategic point or perspective through which the researcher observes the problem. The conceptual framework is used by researchers to guide their information and presents research in relation to relevant publications. The conceptual framework can summarize the main dependent and independent variables in the research and the relationship between them. The conceptual framework is the operationalization of the conceptual model.
The objective of forming a conceptual model is to define a broad framework in which a researcher can work. The conceptual model improves the complete transparency of the
research, it also helps the researcher to get involved in the research more quickly as he searches only the information in the conceptual model and does not follow any other information he finds on the subject. The main objective in the formation of a conceptual model is to help the researcher to direct the research. The conceptual framework is used to identify the research methods and tools to carry out research effectively.
The conceptual model seeks recognized theories in connection to the particular topic of research. The conceptual framework is the researcher’s idea about the way in which the research problem is explored, bearing in mind the theories presented in the conceptual model. The conceptual model is observed in the general relation of things of a phenomenon, while the conceptual framework presents the methods of study of the relationship between specific variables identified in the research topic. The conceptual framework gives an instruction to research that is missing in the conceptual model, helping to decide on the tools and methods that can be used in research.
The conceptual model is more extensive in the field and is seen in the larger image. Thus, an example of a conceptual model to investigate could be an extensive topic such as “Eating habits that affect health”. The conceptual framework is more specific and points out the specific variables that will have to be explored in the research. In this specific example, the conceptual framework may include the specific foods that can be eaten and their relationship to specify health issues such as blood pressure or diabetes.
Thus, conceptual framework can be stated as something that is variable where thoughts and concepts can be implemented making sure that the original theory is not distorted, whereas a model is something that represents a set of system that has a composition and self-defined characteristics.